Moisture sorption properties of a material can provide critical information on the stability, processing, performance, and storage of materials. Moisture sorption analysis is applicable to pharmaceuticals, food products, packaging, personal care products, fibers, building materials and agricultural materials.
Dynamic vapor sorption (DVS) is a gravimetric technique that measures the quantity, and how quickly water vapor is adsorbed and/or absorbed by a material, such as cement, or an active pharmaceutical ingredient. Accurate measurements are achieved by controlling the temperature and humidity electronically, allowing excellent instrument baseline stability as well as accurate control of the generated relative humidity.
DVS instruments work by flowing precisely controlled concentrations of water vapors in dry air over a sample at a known flow rate and temperature. The sample rests on a digital microbalance which detects the sorption/desorption of water vapor through the increase or decrease in mass of the material as the relative humidity (RH) varies. DVS instruments can also perform isoactivity (or isohume) measurements in which materials are kept under constant RH conditions while linearly or stepwise varying the temperature.
Additionally, DVS instruments can be set up to assess permeability of water vapor through a thin barrier, e.g. packaging materials or membranes. The sample pan is filled with a known desiccant (e.g. molecular sieves), sealed with the membrane of interest, and exposed to high RH levels. Alternately, the sample pan is filled with water or saturated salt solutions with known water activity, sealed with the membrane of interest, and exposed to low RH levels.
|SMS DVS Intrinsic 1||ProUmid Vsorp Plus|
|Recommended sample quantity||50-100 mg||1-100 g|
|Sample pan size||8 mm base diameter,
3 mm depth
|50 mm base diameter,
11 mm depth
|Balance resolution||± 0.1 µg||± 10 µg (up to 111 g)
or ± 100 µg (up to 220 g)
|Temperature range||20 – 40 °C||15 – 40 °C|
|Humidity range||0 – 98% RH||Max RH depends on analysis temperature,
e.g. 0 – 95% RH at 25 °C,
0 – ~70% RH at 15 or 40 °C
|Throughput||1 sample at a time||Up to 11 samples at a time|
|Permeability analysis||Not available at PTL||Available at PTL|
|Qualified for cGMP use?||Yes||Not at this time|
Change in mass versus either increase / decrease in %RH or in temperature (if %RH held constant).
Two instrument models are available at PTL, Surface Measurement Systems DVS Intrinsic 1 and ProUmid Vsorp Plus.
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